换肤

主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    制造业、百货业、酒店业、运输业

  • 产品名称:

    氯化钾 盐湖资源综合利用 化工产品 水泥 百货 碳酸锂 运输

  • 经营范围:

    氢氧化钾、甲醇、盐酸、硫酸、液氨、液氯、次氧酸钠、液氧、液氮、液氩、镁(片状、带状或条状)、电石、液化石油气、粗苯、煤焦油、偶氮、二甲酰氨、乌洛托品、硫化碱、氢氧化钠、硝酸钾、丁烷、戊烷、硫磺、丙烷、金属锂、氢氧化锂的销售(许可证有效期至2016年11月26日);氯化钾(化肥)、硫酸钾、碳酸钾、金属镁、氯化镁、氧化镁、氢氧化镁、纯碱、PVC、合成氨、尿素、氯化铵、碳酸锂、钠浮选药剂、ADC发泡剂、光卤石、低钠光卤石、联二脲、甲醇、次氯酸钠以及塑料编织品的的制造和销售(国家有关项规定的除外)、钾盐露天开采;建设监理、设备安装工程施工(不含特种设备),出口自产化学品(不含危险化学品)、进口本企业生产、研究所需要的原材料、机电设备、仪器仪表及零售件;酒店和物业管理;百货、针纺织品、五金交电、化工产品(不含危险化学品)、日用杂货、仓储、计算机系统工程建设、软件开发、硬件销售、维护、计算机耗材销售、技术培训、有色金属、建材、钢材的销售、房屋租赁、劳务服务;危险货物运输八类(许可证有效期2017年1月21日)。

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2017-03-31 
业务名称 2016-12-31 2016-06-30 2015-12-31 2015-06-30 2014-12-31
氯化钾制造业销量(吨) 492.01万 - 443.40万 - -
氯化钾制造业产量(吨) 491.73万 - 521.30万 - -
氯化钾销量(吨) - 247.37万 - 177.70万 456.62万
碳酸锂产量(吨) - 958.40 - - -
氯化钾产量(吨) - 192.50万 - 216.11万 464.22万
碳酸锂销量(吨) - 401.02 - - -
化工产品销量(吨) - - - 36.70万 -
化工产品产量(吨) - - - 43.57万 -
水泥销量(吨) - - - - 211.54万
水泥产量(吨) - - - - 206.39万

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 制造业 40.95亿 98.82% 26.56亿 98.31% 99.79% 35.13%
百货业 4404.91万 1.06% 3810.34万 1.41% 0.41% 13.50%
酒店业 477.29万 0.12% 768.67万 0.28% -0.20% -61.05%
其他 1.21万 0.0003% 8900.00 0.0003% 0.0002% 25.91%
按产品 氯化钾 23.72亿 57.24% 8.14亿 30.14% 108.03% 65.66%
盐湖资源综合利用化工产品 13.87亿 33.46% 16.26亿 60.17% -16.59% -17.25%
碳酸锂 1.72亿 4.15% 6951.61万 2.57% 7.12% 59.62%
水泥 1.61亿 3.89% 1.44亿 5.32% 1.21% 10.84%
百货 4404.91万 1.06% 3810.34万 1.41% 0.41% 13.50%
其他 806.87万 0.19% 1071.59万 0.40% -0.18% -32.81%
按地区 国内 41.44亿 100.00% 27.02亿 100.00% 100.00% 34.79%

主要客户及供应商

您对此栏目的评价: 有用 没用 提建议
前5大客户:共销售了41.06亿元,占营业收入的39.61%
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  • 安徽盐湖辉隆南方贸易有限公司
  • 上海申之禾化工集团有限公司
  • 中化化肥有限公司
  • 内蒙古北方盐湖商贸有限公司
  • 北京丰盈兴业农资有限公司
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
安徽盐湖辉隆南方贸易有限公司
10.54亿 10.17%
上海申之禾化工集团有限公司
10.11亿 9.76%
中化化肥有限公司
8.78亿 8.47%
内蒙古北方盐湖商贸有限公司
6.99亿 6.75%
北京丰盈兴业农资有限公司
4.63亿 4.47%
前5大供应商:共采购了27.73亿元,占总采购额的46.55%
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  • 代垫铁路运杂费(青藏公司)
  • 中国石油天然气股份有限公司西北化工销售分
  • 青海民光煤业销售有限责任公司鱼卡分公司
  • 国网青海省电力公司海西供电公司客户服务中
  • 西宁供电公司电费管理中心
  • 其他
客户名称 采购额(元) 占比
代垫铁路运杂费(青藏公司)
13.32亿 22.36%
中国石油天然气股份有限公司西北化工销售分
6.81亿 11.43%
青海民光煤业销售有限责任公司鱼卡分公司
2.72亿 4.57%
国网青海省电力公司海西供电公司客户服务中
2.44亿 4.10%
西宁供电公司电费管理中心
2.44亿 4.09%
前5大客户:共销售了49.30亿元,占营业收入的45.30%
">
  • 安徽盐湖辉隆南方贸易有限公司
  • 上海申之禾化工集团有限公司
  • 中化化肥有限公司
  • 内蒙古北方盐湖商贸有限公司
  • 史丹利化肥股份有限公司
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
安徽盐湖辉隆南方贸易有限公司
15.29亿 14.05%
上海申之禾化工集团有限公司
10.59亿 9.74%
中化化肥有限公司
9.38亿 8.62%
内蒙古北方盐湖商贸有限公司
8.40亿 7.72%
史丹利化肥股份有限公司
5.63亿 5.17%
前5大供应商:共采购了38.17亿元,占总采购额的57.30%
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  • 中国石油天然气股份有限公司天然气销售青海
  • 青藏铁路公司
  • 青海民光煤业销售有限责任公司鱼卡分公司
  • 格尔木盐湖交通运输有限责任公司
  • 上海申之禾化工集团有限公司
  • 其他
客户名称 采购额(元) 占比
中国石油天然气股份有限公司天然气销售青海
17.50亿 26.27%
青藏铁路公司
14.75亿 22.14%
青海民光煤业销售有限责任公司鱼卡分公司
2.97亿 4.45%
格尔木盐湖交通运输有限责任公司
1.67亿 2.52%
上海申之禾化工集团有限公司
1.28亿 1.92%
前5大客户:共销售了40.68亿元,占营业收入的38.83%
">
  • 客户1
  • 客户2
  • 客户3
  • 客户4
  • 客户5
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
客户1
11.66亿 11.13%
客户2
8.86亿 8.46%
客户3
8.40亿 8.02%
客户4
6.52亿 6.23%
客户5
5.23亿 4.99%
前5大供应商:共采购了13.91亿元,占总采购额的30.37%
">
  • 中国石油天然气股份有限公司
  • 青海民光煤业销售有限责任公司
  • 青海木里能源有限公司
  • 格尔木盐湖交通运输有限责任公司
  • 天祝瑞丰碳材有限公司
  • 其他
客户名称 采购额(元) 占比
中国石油天然气股份有限公司
7.53亿 18.59%
青海民光煤业销售有限责任公司
2.66亿 6.57%
青海木里能源有限公司
1.27亿 3.14%
格尔木盐湖交通运输有限责任公司
1.27亿 3.14%
天祝瑞丰碳材有限公司
7720.00万 1.62%
前5大客户:共销售了11.23亿元,占营业收入的26.91%
  • 客户1
  • 客户2
  • 客户3
  • 客户4
  • 客户5
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
客户1
3.39亿 8.12%
客户2
2.28亿 5.46%
客户3
2.05亿 4.91%
客户4
1.83亿 4.37%
客户5
1.69亿 4.05%
前5大客户:共销售了28.42亿元,占营业收入的35.12%
">
  • 客户1
  • 客户2
  • 客户3
  • 客户4
  • 客户5
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
客户1
7.94亿 9.80%
客户2
7.42亿 9.17%
客户3
5.48亿 6.77%
客户4
4.28亿 5.29%
客户5
3.31亿 4.09%
前5大供应商:共采购了9.19亿元,占总采购额的23.30%
">
  • 供应商1
  • 供应商2
  • 供应商3
  • 供应商4
  • 供应商5
  • 其他
客户名称 采购额(元) 占比
供应商1
5.76亿 14.61%
供应商2
1.60亿 4.05%
供应商3
6762.28万 1.72%
供应商4
5805.00万 1.47%
供应商5
5733.60万 1.45%

产品价格

数据截至(20171117)
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20171117,12.70,2800.00,-5.9259259259259,0,20171117
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[[{"ZGB":"481139294","LTGB":"481139294","MGSY":"0.0242","JLR":"11621105.6100","code":"000159","name":"\u56fd\u9645\u5b9e\u4e1a","zycp":"\u6cb9\u54c1\u9500\u552e\u4ea7\u4e1a","zybl":0.73971536648977}],[{"ZGB":"1857393734","LTGB":"1566377949","MGSY":"0.1401","JLR":"260248410.2800","code":"000792","name":"\u76d0\u6e56\u80a1\u4efd","zycp":"\u6c2f\u5316\u94be","zybl":0.75475792496876}],[{"ZGB":"3919826352","LTGB":"3919007202","MGSY":"0.0559","JLR":"218951381.8500","code":"000839","name":"\u4e2d\u4fe1\u56fd\u5b89","zycp":"\u5176\u4ed6","zybl":0.57365602912158}],[{"ZGB":"538395000","LTGB":"538395000","MGSY":"-0.0331","JLR":"-17841897.4700","code":"000955","name":"\u6b23\u9f99\u63a7\u80a1","zycp":"\u6c34\u523a\u4ea7\u54c1","zybl":0.52076941893683}],[{"ZGB":"1321379138","LTGB":"1122130050","MGSY":"-1.1798","JLR":"-1558900273.8600","code":"600096","name":"\u4e91\u5929\u5316","zycp":"\u5546\u8d38","zybl":0.58367294828375}],[{"ZGB":"784842008","LTGB":"784842008","MGSY":"0.0155","JLR":"12193702.2800","code":"600251","name":"\u51a0\u519c\u80a1\u4efd","zycp":"\u76ae\u68c9","zybl":0.43606148782987}],[{"ZGB":"2032000000","LTGB":"1032000000","MGSY":"0.0254","JLR":"51693623.8400","code":"600331","name":"\u5b8f\u8fbe\u80a1\u4efd","zycp":"\u950c\u4ea7\u54c1","zybl":0.50546092036091}],[{"ZGB":"1378790086","LTGB":"1378790086","MGSY":"-0.1350","JLR":"-185861356.6100","code":"600425","name":"\u9752\u677e\u5efa\u5316","zycp":"\u6c34\u6ce5","zybl":0.89541796902856}]]
注:近一期报告为3季报数据,如定期报告尚未披露完毕,可能导致数据不够完整。

董事会经营评述

  一、概述
2017年上半年,随着国内经济形势的逐步启稳,货币政策回归稳健中性,在成本和需求的双重推动之下,化肥价格上半年整体温和回升,供需矛盾较去年有所缓和,市场呈现向好迹象。在这一背景之下,公司坚持稳健持久发展的方针打造坚持改革创新双驱动,围绕盐湖生态“镁锂钾园”的战略目标,提质增效优化产品生产,强化产贸运销平衡,深入开展开源节流降本增效,生产经营平稳。
  报告期,公司实现营业收入50.65亿元,较上年同期下降3.94%,归属于上市公司的净利润亏损5.23亿元,较上年同期下降258.64%;经营活动产生的现金流量净额4.01亿元,较上年同期下降27.09%;每股收益-0.19元... 查看全部▼

  一、概述
2017年上半年,随着国内经济形势的逐步启稳,货币政策回归稳健中性,在成本和需求的双重推动之下,化肥价格上半年整体温和回升,供需矛盾较去年有所缓和,市场呈现向好迹象。在这一背景之下,公司坚持稳健持久发展的方针打造坚持改革创新双驱动,围绕盐湖生态“镁锂钾园”的战略目标,提质增效优化产品生产,强化产贸运销平衡,深入开展开源节流降本增效,生产经营平稳。
  报告期,公司实现营业收入50.65亿元,较上年同期下降3.94%,归属于上市公司的净利润亏损5.23亿元,较上年同期下降258.64%;经营活动产生的现金流量净额4.01亿元,较上年同期下降27.09%;每股收益-0.19元,较上年同期下降205.75%,资产总额837.70亿元,负债总额577.72亿元,资产负债率68.96%。
  (一)钾肥板块
  上半年国内钾肥市场整体保持平稳,一方面,农产品价格有所回升,氮磷肥价格的回落则带动了复合肥价格的下跌,推动整体化肥用量上升,也提振了钾肥的需求;另一方面,受环保因素影响,二季度国内整体开工率较去年同期下降,但同期进口则出现较快增长。整体看,钾肥需求向好且供应收缩,偏紧状态有望持续至下半年。
  从长期看,虽然农业供给侧改革提出了生态农业和减少农化用量的长期指导方针,但国内钾肥在整体化肥中占比仅有8%,远低于全球17%的平均水平;同时,随着消费升级,带动农业种植逐步由口粮作物逐步向经济作物倾斜,这将进一步加大对钾肥的需求。
  2017年上半年,共生产氯化钾197.67万吨,较上年同期基本持平;共销售氯化钾产品184.69万吨,较上年同期减少25.33%。
  (二)化工板块
  公司近年来积极推进多元化经营方针,目前已形成了PVC-烧碱-水泥的完整氯碱产业。过去几年内随着国内高成本产能的陆续退出,国内PVC市场开工率已从13年的最低点48%升至70%以上,而自去年以来的多批次环保检查,则对PVC上游原料电石造成了较大的影响,供应持续收缩之下,需求则维持快速增长,上半年PVC价格整体保持强势,6月之后快速上涨,距去年11月的高点仅一步之遥。烧碱则在电解铝和造纸需求的推动下大幅上涨,价格不断创出新高。从长期看,环保高压之下,国内PVC产业链未来几年的新增产能有限,价格有望回升。
  ——综合利用一、二期基本情况报告期,公司对综合利用项目一、二期装置的运行,根据市场的状况,采取优化运行方案、对标降耗、开源节流等措施,上半年亏损数较上年减少,上半年亏损2.89亿元,较上年同期减少2.36亿元。现由于受6.28事故的影响,生产装置停机,在停车期间对整体生产装置进行排查安全隐患,展开消缺工作。
  ——海纳PVC一体化项目海纳公司受“2.14”VCM精馏单元火灾事故的影响,海纳公司未恢复生产,目前装置的恢复工作已基本完成,预计8月底开始生产,海纳公司上半年亏损4.59亿元(含下属子公司亏损)。
  ——金属镁一体化项目截至上半年,金属镁一体化项目14个主生产装置中除电石装置外,其余13个装置已贯通工艺流程,进入试运行。新增脱硫脱硝装置已完成工程建设实体工程,正在穿插进行试车前的调试工作。电石装置1号电石炉实体工程内部全部完成,正在进行调试和试生产准备工作,下阶段将准备全面试车并逐步提升生产负荷,努力实现达产达标。
  因受项目部分装置转固,报告期财务利息开始费用化,折旧增加;上述装置因产业链关联度高的影响,生产负荷较低,生产的产品生产成本较高;上述因素影响造成上半年镁业公司亏损4.39亿元。
  (三)锂板块
  锂作为对盐湖资源综合开发的重点方向,公司近年来一直加大投入在锂产品上的投入。
  今年上半年,随着国内新能源汽车销量的快速爆发,锂电装机容量同比增长26%至6346gwh,受其带动,碳酸锂价格上涨13%。由于产能释放存在周期限制,加上中游贸易商囤货,目前市场看多情绪较为浓厚,价格也呈现逐级上升之势。
  从长期看,国内虽然拥有丰富的锂资源储量,但主要分布于青海和西藏,后者近年来产量增速缓慢。但未来2年随着新能源汽车产销的不断加速,市场仍将维持紧平衡状态。
  公司间接控股子公司蓝科锂业今年年初因受天气、气温等影响,后系统即沉锂系统于4月10日开机生产。上半年生产碳酸锂2323吨,较上年同期增加142.58%。实现收入1.72亿元,实现净利润8852.34万元。
  为了使1万吨碳酸锂装置达产达标,在充分利用现装置的基础上,蓝科锂业实施了1万吨碳酸锂填平补齐工程项目,目前工程进度较顺利,计划9月30日投料试车,2018年装置达产达标。

  二、报告期内公司从事的主要业务
  公司的主营业务分三部分:氯化钾的开发、生产和销售;盐湖资源综合开发利用;其他业务包括水泥生产、商贸连锁业务以及酒店业务。其中,氯化钾的开发、生产和销售业务收入为公司报告期主营业务核心部分。
  (一)公司主要产品
  1.氯化钾:公司是国内最大的钾肥生产企业,氯化钾的生产和销售是公司目前的主要业务,钾肥设计年产能达到500万吨。
  2.综合利用化工产品:为充分开发利用盐湖资源,公司已投资建设多个项目,主要投资项目包括盐湖资源综合利用一期项目、盐湖资源综合利用二期项目及金属镁一体化项目、海纳PVC一体化项目、10万吨ADC发泡剂一体化项目、1万吨优质碳酸锂项目。
  报告期盐湖资源综合利用化工项目产品包括PVC、甲醇、碳酸钾、氢氧化钾、碳酸锂、纯碱、尿素等。由于主要综合利用化工项目尚未完全达产销售。
  3.其他包括水泥生产、商贸连锁业务以及酒店业务,该部分业务相关企业的资产量和业务量在公司占比较小。
  (二)公司主要经营模式
  1.采购模式:公司专门成立了物资供应委员会作为公司供应工作的最高决策机构,物资供应委员会下由物资供应分公司统一负责各种原辅材料、包装材料的采购,物资供应分公司按照盐湖股份年度经营目标和物资需求计划,制定物资供应策略、编制采购业务计划、执行采购项目、负责物流配送等事宜。物资供应分公司采取招标采购、询比价采购、竞争性谈判采购和单一来源采购等多种方式,科学合理地确定采购价格。对于采购项目单项或合并后1,000万元以上竞争性谈判采购和单一来源物资采购,不能招标的物资采购方案由物资供应委员会审核批准。采购的物资由采购需求单位验收合格后入库。
  2.生产模式:公司目前的生产活动主要是氯化钾生产及盐湖综合利用化工项目化工产品生产,公司每年年初根据市场状况向下属各公司安排生产任务,在生产过程中实行精细化生产管理,产品销售由公司统一销售,公司目前在大力推进生产经营和项目建设管理系统中生产、销售、采购、财务、人事、档案等方面的计算机运用及信息集成,建立以信息化为支撑手段的管控模式新架构,用现代集成制造系统技术提升传统产业,提高公司的综合竞争能力。
  3.销售模式:目前公司销售产品主要为氯化钾、其他化工产品(PVC、氢氧化钾、碳酸钾等)、水泥等,公司在营销模式上与国内钾肥市场份额占前十位及具有钾肥进口资质的贸易商进行合作,加快贸易产品的流通速度和市场布局,减少供应渠道价值链中上下游博弈的内耗,提高周转效率和效益。化工产品销售模式主要采取经销和直销两种模式,通过有实力并有一定渠道的经销商占领市场,同时向有条件的厂家和终端客户直接销售,获取部分终端市场份额。

  三、核心竞争力分析
  公司2017年半年度核心竞争力分析较上年度无变化。

  四、公司面临的风险和应对措施
  (一)面临风险
  公司现在处于效益发展速度爬坡过坎的换档期、项目建设及试车试生产的攻坚克难期、公司发展的大建设大转型升级的阵痛期,面临准备不足与跨越发展、规模较大与产能过剩两大矛盾,以及受以上诸多因素影响,存在的主要风险如下:
  ——市场风险由于公司地处西部,运距远、运输成本高等因素,公司大部分化工产品市场竞争力较弱。
  公司将通过降本增效、开源节流、完善市场销售模式等举措改善和提高盈利能力。加之国家去产能及环保监管力度的加大,化工产品的价格在逐步回升。
  ——财务债务风险公司综合利用化工项目大部分处于试车、试生产期,尚未产生经济效益,为保障项目建设,需要公司提供稳健和持续的财务保障。公司将进一步提升财务风险管控水平,积极拓展融资渠道,确保公司健康持续发展。
  ——安全环保风险公司由单纯的钾肥生产转向煤化工、盐化工、石油天然气化工、有色、冶金、发电、矿山等高危行业,加之大部分项目均处在试车试生产阶段,开停车、检维修、技术改造频繁,处于事故易发多发的领域及阶段,安全环保形势十分严峻。目前安全环保工作是公司重点工作之一,公司通过导入杜邦精益安全管理、加强“三基”建设、实施双重预防机制、安全分级管控等措施,做到防微杜绝。
  (二)采取的措施
  在“一降二去三强”上再下功夫,上下联动,左右协调,主动作为,坚定不移推进公司供给侧结构改革,保证公司健康可持续的发展。
  ——持之以恒降成本。持之以恒降本挖潜,查处薄弱环节,找出出血点,从原辅材料、燃料动力、人工费用、管理费用、折旧大修、消耗定额(对标管理)、负荷管理、物流成本、财务成本和政策支持资金、产品高端化高值化十个维度入手,从化工、财务、项目、生产、供销、政策等6个方面挖好“六桶金”。公司按照“夯基治本、开源节流”的总体工作方针,系统梳理公司内部降本减亏增效工作,制定具体措施,落实主体责任,为全年实施有效的成本管控奠定了基础。
  ——全力以赴去杠杆。为了进一步落实国务院发布的《国务院关于积极稳妥降低企业杠杆率的意见》(国发﹝2016﹞54号)文件精神,结合公司供给侧结构改革以“一降二去三强”的主要措施,积极争取推进债转股,优化资本结构,降低资产负债率。公司与青海省政府国有资产监督管理委员会、中国建设银行股份有限公司签署了《市场化债转股合作框架协议》。
  目前,对实施方案进行讨论及优化中。
  ——积极推动非主业资产处置。积极与潜在的合作对象进行洽谈,剥离非主业,并延伸钾、镁、锂等产业上下功夫。
  ——强创新。聚焦“生态镁锂钾园”,着力技术攻关。一是搭建对接平台,以“镁锂钾园”需求为导向,建设集技术需求、成果发布、人才聚集、项目融资等于一体的互联网+产学研用供需对接合作平台,落实与先进镁合金产学研联盟合作协议,加速盐湖镁合金新工艺、新材料研发;二是创新成果转化机制,以关键技术突破和标准创制为切入点,与国内外领头科研院所、企业建立研究实体,与启迪控股共同组建盐湖启迪新材料公司,着力研发实用技术和转化成熟成果,孵化新企业,培育新产业;三是加强开放合作,与高等院校、科研院所加强合作,通过与国内外高端资源直接对接,共同攻克企业的技术难题,在关键和核心技术、装备、工艺上寻求重大突破。
  ——强管理。一是以“三基”建设为抓手,夯实基础管理推进三基管理模型。建立中长期激励机制。着力市场开拓,加大直供厂家的开发力度,继续完善“7621”销售模式,采取各种营销策略,努力开拓市场,找寻新的利润增长点;优化产销对接,争取进出口经营权。加快信息化平台建设。
  ——强党建。以“三个有利于”为统领,健全“育、选、用、备、管、考、留”七位一体选任机制,按照“愿为、善为、共为、勤为、必为、会为”新要求,建设适应盐湖事业需要的干部员工队伍。 收起▲