换肤

主营介绍

  • 主营业务:

    柴油机、小型通用汽油机及终端产品的制造及销售,煤炭的开采与销售

  • 产品类型:

    机械制造、有色金属采选、煤炭开采、农业信息化

  • 产品名称:

    柴油机 、 汽油机 、 农机装备 、 零配件 、 煤炭 、 金属矿产品 、 软件 、 项目维护

  • 经营范围:

    农业工程、物联网、农业信息化、农业设备及控制系统、监测检测设备、农业电子商务、农业物流系统、计算机信息及系统集成专业的技术服务、技术开发、技术转让、技术咨询;网络技术、通讯工程技术的研发及技术转让;计算机技术咨询服务;内燃机,发电机,电动机,水泵,榨油机,机械化农业及园艺机具,畜牧机械,拖拉机制造;房屋租赁;设备租赁;内燃机及农业机械技术咨询服务;资产管理;商务咨询;计算机、软件及辅助设备批发、零售。(依法须经批准的项目,经相关部门批准后方可开展经营活动)。

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2019-03-20 
业务名称 2018-12-31 2017-12-31 2016-12-31 2015-12-31 2014-12-31
机械制造库存量(台) 7.97万 7.51万 10.37万 6.90万 10.71万
煤炭开采库存量(吨) 5.88万 7.35万 7.80万 7.83万 -
煤炭库存量(吨) - - - - 10.91万

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 机械制造 6.04亿 83.21% 5.26亿 82.01% 92.38% 12.83%
其他业务 1.22亿 16.79% 1.15亿 17.99% 7.62% 5.24%
按产品 柴油机 2.69亿 37.14% 2.38亿 37.16% 36.99% 11.51%
汽油机 2.18亿 30.04% 1.89亿 29.45% 34.53% 13.28%
其他业务 1.22亿 16.79% 1.15亿 17.99% 7.62% 5.24%
其他机械制造产品 1.16亿 16.03% 9878.41万 15.40% 20.87% 15.04%
按地区 国外 3.88亿 53.44% 3.53亿 54.96% 41.83% 9.04%
国内 3.38亿 46.56% 2.89亿 45.04% 58.17% 14.43%

主要客户及供应商

您对此栏目的评价: 有用 没用 提建议
前5大客户:共销售了6.95亿元,占营业收入的45.46%
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  • 客户一
  • 客户二
  • 客户三
  • 客户四
  • 客户五
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
客户一
4.62亿 30.26%
客户二
9021.09万 5.90%
客户三
6304.55万 4.13%
客户四
5135.46万 3.36%
客户五
2765.52万 1.81%
前5大供应商:共采购了1.50亿元,占总采购额的12.12%
">
  • 供应商一
  • 供应商二
  • 供应商三
  • 供应商四
  • 供应商五
  • 其他
客户名称 采购额(元) 占比
供应商一
3379.98万 2.72%
供应商二
3332.26万 2.68%
供应商三
2930.25万 2.36%
供应商四
2715.89万 2.19%
供应商五
2681.80万 2.16%
前5大客户:共销售了6.06亿元,占营业收入的34.85%
">
  • 客户一
  • 客户二
  • 客户三
  • 客户四
  • 客户五
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
客户一
3.24亿 18.60%
客户二
1.12亿 6.44%
客户三
7985.11万 4.59%
客户四
5687.46万 3.27%
客户五
3401.40万 1.95%
前5大供应商:共采购了2.26亿元,占总采购额的14.59%
">
  • 供应商一
  • 供应商二
  • 供应商三
  • 供应商四
  • 供应商五
  • 其他
客户名称 采购额(元) 占比
供应商一
1.01亿 6.54%
供应商二
3950.51万 2.55%
供应商三
3712.77万 2.40%
供应商四
2481.86万 1.60%
供应商五
2318.15万 1.50%
前5大客户:共销售了4.58亿元,占营业收入的24.97%
">
  • 客户一
  • 客户二
  • 客户三
  • 客户四
  • 客户五
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
客户一
1.71亿 9.35%
客户二
1.43亿 7.78%
客户三
4857.68万 2.65%
客户四
4838.64万 2.64%
客户五
4678.68万 2.55%
前5大供应商:共采购了1.35亿元,占总采购额的8.62%
">
  • 供应商一
  • 供应商二
  • 供应商三
  • 供应商四
  • 供应商五
  • 其他
客户名称 采购额(元) 占比
供应商一
4294.60万 2.75%
供应商二
2650.01万 1.69%
供应商三
2345.13万 1.50%
供应商四
2257.25万 1.44%
供应商五
1943.68万 1.24%
前5大客户:共销售了4.12亿元,占营业收入的21.96%
">
  • 客户一
  • 客户二
  • 客户三
  • 客户四
  • 客户五
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
客户一
1.64亿 8.72%
客户二
9620.00万 5.12%
客户三
6427.24万 3.42%
客户四
4821.02万 2.57%
客户五
3998.81万 2.13%
前5大供应商:共采购了1.44亿元,占总采购额的8.59%
">
  • 供应商一
  • 供应商二
  • 供应商三
  • 供应商四
  • 供应商五
  • 其他
客户名称 采购额(元) 占比
供应商一
4471.38万 2.66%
供应商二
3793.90万 2.26%
供应商三
2358.58万 1.40%
供应商四
1958.77万 1.16%
供应商五
1860.34万 1.11%
前5大客户:共销售了5.27亿元,占营业收入的24.64%
">
  • 客户一
  • 客户二
  • 客户三
  • 客户四
  • 客户五
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
客户一
2.10亿 9.83%
客户二
1.23亿 5.76%
客户三
9010.60万 4.22%
客户四
6887.29万 3.22%
客户五
3432.74万 1.61%
前5大供应商:共采购了1.34亿元,占总采购额的12.69%
">
  • 客户一
  • 客户二
  • 客户三
  • 客户四
  • 客户五
  • 其他
客户名称 采购额(元) 占比
客户一
4851.40万 4.58%
客户二
2239.21万 2.11%
客户三
2179.50万 2.06%
客户四
2139.11万 2.02%
客户五
2038.73万 1.92%

董事会经营评述

一、概述
报告期,公司整体收入规模同比有所下降,但经营质量得到提升,主要业务机械制造的综合毛利率上升4.86个百分点。
上半年经营状况:
2019年上半年,公司所处外部形势复杂多变,全球经济增长放缓,国内经济面临下行压力,中美贸易摩擦不断升级,外部不确定因素增多。受整体大环境影响,传统制造业继续面临业务发展放缓,以及向高质量发展转型升级的压力。
在此背景下,报告期公司机械制造业实现的国内外收入均有所下降。国内业务方面,柴油机板块仍处于调整期;农装板块通过实施聚焦战略,业务毛利率状况得到扭转;零部件业务上半年继续呈上升幅度;其它新业务拓展有所起色。后期公司将加大零... 查看全部▼

一、概述
报告期,公司整体收入规模同比有所下降,但经营质量得到提升,主要业务机械制造的综合毛利率上升4.86个百分点。
上半年经营状况:
2019年上半年,公司所处外部形势复杂多变,全球经济增长放缓,国内经济面临下行压力,中美贸易摩擦不断升级,外部不确定因素增多。受整体大环境影响,传统制造业继续面临业务发展放缓,以及向高质量发展转型升级的压力。
在此背景下,报告期公司机械制造业实现的国内外收入均有所下降。国内业务方面,柴油机板块仍处于调整期;农装板块通过实施聚焦战略,业务毛利率状况得到扭转;零部件业务上半年继续呈上升幅度;其它新业务拓展有所起色。后期公司将加大零部件等新业务经营关注度及投入力度,力争加快形成新的增长点。国外市场方面,受中美贸易摩擦进一步升级,以及美国市场去年大幅备货影响,报告期通机出口下降,通机出口企业竞争加剧。但受益于原材料价格稳中有跌,以及企业内部管理增效等措施,汽油机板块毛利率增加6.23个百分点,整体出口业务综合毛利率增加3.73个百分点。
因季节性生产规律,中凯矿业上半年的工作的重心在于地勘和生产准备工作,基本未进行采选活动。明鑫煤炭因采矿权证延续事宜仍处于停产状态。因而,报告期矿业板块基本未形成销售收入。
综之,2019年上半年,因机械制造业务销售规模下降,矿业板块特定的生产季节性因素和停产等原因,造成业绩亏损。
同时,受益于公司经营策略的调整,公司在重点产品毛利、费用管控上取得成效,本期产品毛利率同比上升,期间费用同比下降,亏损金额同比大幅减少。
下一步经营策略:
公司下一步经营策略的重心将着力于盈利能力的提升,并以此为中心制定具体经营措施。一是提炼现有业务,分析现各板块或产品的盈利能力,提升具备持续发展力业务的盈利水平,逐步剥离无法实现扭亏板块;二是延伸现有业务,利用优势资源,拓宽业务范围,在现有出口业务基础上扩展国际贸易业务,将其打造为未来发展方向之一;三是加快新业务拓展,力争形成新的增长点。同时加快推进汽油机产能转移,以尽量减少中美贸易摩擦给公司通机业务带来的负面影响。后续公司还将持续推动组织架构改善,提升组织的创新能力;加强内部成本管控和风险控制,使企业逐步走向高效并具备持续盈利能力。

二、公司面临的风险和应对措施
1、贸易环境风险
中美贸易摩擦以及美国对中国出口产品加征关税给国内通机OEM业务未来发展造成了很大的不确定性。相应地,由于公司出口美国的通用小型汽油机产品目前已纳入美国对华加征关税清单范围,给公司对美出口业务带来了不确定性。
应对措施,包括但不限于与客户协商承担关税及商品成交价相关问题,推动汽油机部分产能转移,研制新产品,开拓非美客户等方案,尽力对冲和规避国际贸易壁垒影响。
2、宏观经济风险:
国内存在宏观经济下行压力,全球经济增长放缓,外部不稳定不确定因素增多。受大环境影响,传统制造业将继续面临业务发展放缓,以及向高质量发展转型升级的压力。
应对措施:寻找新的市场机会,开拓新业务、新技术和新产品。
3、安全环保风险
随着国家对环保和安全生产的重视,相关政策要求日益提高,处罚力度也逐步加大。公司机械制造业务随着国内排放升级和环保整顿,对产品性能要求更高,也推动全行业的成本上升,对业内企业研发、采购、销售业务和经营成果带来深远影响。矿业方面的环保和安全生产成本在增加,同时面临的潜在风险亦相应加大。
应对措施:优化生产工艺,实现技术和质量溢价应对成本上身。采用先进技术方案,加大相关投入,严控安全生产和环保风险。
4、经营风险
目前公司核心业务仍未具备足够的盈利能力,而中美贸易现状给通机业务收入和盈利预期造成的不确定性增加了公司经营压力。面对复杂且波动的国内外宏观经济形势和国际贸易环境,以及增多的外部不确定因素,对企业的经营能力是较大的挑战,未来方向的选择尤为重要。
应对措施:在企业自身资源优势和现状基础上,寻找新的战略方向突破转型;同时采取措施整合提质现有业务,提高盈利水平。
5、矿业风险
有色和煤炭属于大宗周期性产品,矿山的勘探、建设、开采对资金投入和安全环保要求高,专业性强。公司矿山运营的专业能力不足,一直在寻求通过转让等方式剥离矿业资产。一方面矿山的停产给公司带来持续亏损,同时矿权延续可能存在的不确定性也给公司造成潜在风险;另一方面矿业资产的处置亦可能会给公司形成损失。
应对措施:处置不具备经营能力的业务有利于公司未来长远的发展。

三、核心竞争力分析
品牌市场:经过多年推广与积累,“JD”、“江动”品牌在行业内形成了良好口碑。在传统柴油机进口国,“JD”品牌具备显著的竞争优势,公司柴油机出口已连续十七年在同行业排名第一。
客户市场:依托“JD”品牌和渠道的影响力,公司在东南亚、非洲市场具有深厚的客户积累,主要客户合作关系稳定,同时新市场的开拓也在稳步推进。
品质可靠:公司通过ISO9001(2015)质量体系认证;江苏江动柴油机制造有限公司通过ISO/TS16949(2009)汽车产品质量管理体系认证及IATF16949(2016)换版认证,部分型号柴油机产品获得江苏省高新技术产品认定;通用小型汽油机系列产品通过美国EPA、加州CARB排放认证和欧洲EC排放认证。
技术研发:公司以国家级企业技术中心研发平台为依托,具有自主研发、试验体系,并拥有自主知识产权的核心技术。
公司共获得国内外授权专利计137项,其中发明专利20项。公司下属企业江苏江动柴油机制造有限公司、江苏江淮动力有限公司、上海农易信息技术有限公司为高新技术企业,具备较强的创新能力。
财务状况:公司合并报表资产负债率38.17%,资产状况较好,负债结构合理。 收起▲