换肤

主营介绍

  • 主营业务:

    从事无氟压缩机的生产与销售业务。

  • 产品类型:

    压缩机、智能扫地机

  • 产品名称:

    冰箱压缩机 、 商用压缩机 、 新能源汽车空调压缩机 、 清洁机器人

  • 经营范围:

    无氟压缩机、电冰箱及其配件的生产和销售,制冷设备的来料加工、来样加工、来件装配、补偿贸易,五金配件的加工及销售,对外贸易经营(实行国营贸易管理货物的进出口业务除外),资产租赁,家用电器的销售,企业管理咨询与服务,信息技术咨询与服务,财务咨询与服务。(依法须经批准的项目,经相关部门批准后方可开展经营活动)

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2020-08-08 
业务名称 2020-06-30 2019-12-31 2019-06-30 2018-12-31 2018-06-30
变频压缩机销量(台) 405.00万 - - - -
商用压缩机销量(台) 268.00万 - - - -
压缩机产量(台) - 4947.00万 - 4664.00万 -
压缩机销量(台) - 4820.00万 - 4786.00万 -
智能扫地机产量(台) - 107.00万 - 63.00万 -
智能扫地机销量(台) - 101.00万 - 70.00万 -
冰箱压缩机产量(台) - - 2607.00万 - 2591.00万
冰箱压缩机销量(台) - - 2525.00万 - 2609.00万

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 通用设备制造业 45.57亿 99.50% 40.49亿 100.00% 100.00% 11.14%
其他业务 2293.78万 0.50% - - - -
按产品 压缩机 33.78亿 73.75% 29.32亿 72.41% 87.80% 13.20%
原材料及配件 11.52亿 25.16% 10.98亿 27.12% 10.64% 4.69%
其他业务 2293.78万 0.50% - - - -
智能扫地机 1701.01万 0.37% 1281.65万 0.32% 0.83% 24.65%
电池 1005.38万 0.22% 631.74万 0.16% 0.74% 37.16%
按地区 国内 29.24亿 63.84% 27.05亿 66.79% 43.14% 7.49%
国外 16.33亿 35.66% 13.45亿 33.21% 56.86% 17.68%
其他业务 2293.78万 0.50% - - - -

主要客户及供应商

您对此栏目的评价: 有用 没用 提建议
前5大客户:共销售了14.34亿元,占营业收入的35.23%
  • 客户一
  • 客户二
  • 客户三
  • 客户四
  • 客户五
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
客户一
4.65亿 11.42%
客户二
3.09亿 7.60%
客户三
2.59亿 6.38%
客户四
2.10亿 5.15%
客户五
1.91亿 4.68%
前5大客户:共销售了21.18亿元,占营业收入的22.09%
">
  • 客户一
  • 客户二
  • 客户三
  • 客户四
  • 客户五
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
客户一
7.56亿 7.88%
客户二
3.81亿 3.98%
客户三
3.64亿 3.80%
客户四
3.40亿 3.55%
客户五
2.77亿 2.88%
前5大供应商:共采购了14.77亿元,占总采购额的17.36%
">
  • 供应商一
  • 供应商二
  • 供应商三
  • 供应商四
  • 供应商五
  • 其他
供应商名称 采购额(元) 占比
供应商一
3.93亿 4.62%
供应商二
3.50亿 4.11%
供应商三
3.47亿 4.08%
供应商四
2.41亿 2.83%
供应商五
1.46亿 1.72%
前5大客户:共销售了14.74亿元,占营业收入的32.08%
  • 客户一
  • 客户二
  • 客户三
  • 客户四
  • 客户五
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
客户一
5.20亿 11.31%
客户二
3.17亿 6.91%
客户三
2.51亿 5.46%
客户四
2.20亿 4.78%
客户五
1.66亿 3.62%
前5大客户:共销售了22.98亿元,占营业收入的25.78%
">
  • 客户一
  • 客户二
  • 客户三
  • 客户四
  • 客户五
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
客户一
8.81亿 9.89%
客户二
5.37亿 6.03%
客户三
3.56亿 3.99%
客户四
2.64亿 2.97%
客户五
2.58亿 2.90%
前5大供应商:共采购了18.71亿元,占总采购额的26.04%
">
  • 供应商一
  • 供应商二
  • 供应商三
  • 供应商四
  • 供应商五
  • 其他
供应商名称 采购额(元) 占比
供应商一
5.28亿 7.34%
供应商二
4.50亿 6.26%
供应商三
4.01亿 5.58%
供应商四
2.77亿 3.86%
供应商五
2.16亿 3.00%
前5大客户:共销售了17.17亿元,占营业收入的36.25%
  • 客户一
  • 客户二
  • 客户三
  • 客户四
  • 客户五
  • 其他
客户名称 销售额(元) 占比
客户一
6.25亿 13.20%
客户二
3.17亿 6.68%
客户三
3.02亿 6.39%
客户四
2.75亿 5.81%
客户五
1.97亿 4.17%

董事会经营评述

  一、概述  2020年上半年,受新冠肺炎疫情影响,全球经济遭受重挫,供应链中断、需求被抑制。新冠肺炎疫情的爆发加剧了全球经济的长期停滞,叠加中美贸易摩擦,对中国经济发展来新的挑战。  报告期,受经济下行的影响,全球家电行业下滑严重,正经受前所未有的冲击。据产业在线统计,下游冰箱行业上半年产量下降7.6%,销量下滑5.9%,导致冰压行业产能闲置严重,市场价格持续下降,行业竞争日益激烈,公司冰压主业经营压力进一步加大。  在新业发展上,受新能源汽车补贴退坡以及新冠疫情等多重负面影响,1-6月,中国新能源汽车产销同比下降36.5%、39.3%,是汽车整体降幅的2.2倍,上海威乐主要客户产销均受到... 查看全部▼

  一、概述
  2020年上半年,受新冠肺炎疫情影响,全球经济遭受重挫,供应链中断、需求被抑制。新冠肺炎疫情的爆发加剧了全球经济的长期停滞,叠加中美贸易摩擦,对中国经济发展来新的挑战。
  报告期,受经济下行的影响,全球家电行业下滑严重,正经受前所未有的冲击。据产业在线统计,下游冰箱行业上半年产量下降7.6%,销量下滑5.9%,导致冰压行业产能闲置严重,市场价格持续下降,行业竞争日益激烈,公司冰压主业经营压力进一步加大。
  在新业发展上,受新能源汽车补贴退坡以及新冠疫情等多重负面影响,1-6月,中国新能源汽车产销同比下降36.5%、39.3%,是汽车整体降幅的2.2倍,上海威乐主要客户产销均受到巨大影响,上半年经营较为困难。格兰博清洁机器人受中美贸易战与新冠疫情影响严重,海外主要客户长时间停产,导致经营业绩同比大幅下降,与预期差距较大。
  面对国内外复杂多变的经济形势和经营压力,报告期内,在公司董事会的领导下,公司紧紧围绕“主动作为、迎难而上、整合协同、由大向强”的年度工作思路,迎难而上,化危为机,抗疫降损,取得了一定成果。
  防疫复工好。一是防控实,公司抗疫措施周密到位,公司包括处于疫情较为严重地区的子公司华意荆州在内无一例新冠病毒感染病例。二是复工早复工好,公司各子公司均为当地第一批复工企业,并在疫情中创造产销历史新高,被当地政府作为抗疫复工标杆宣传推广。
  HCB完成业务重整。上半年,HCB成功实施业务重整计划及集体裁员措施,有效降低生产成本,提高运营效率,经营状况正逐步好转。
  产品结构优化。公司上半年总销量2545万台,同比增长2%,其中商用压缩机销量268万台,同比增长4.2%,变频压缩机405万台,同比增长41.3%,同时公司开展压缩低毛利等重大专项活动,并取得一定成效,产品结构不断优化,产品成本不断降低。
  商用研发提升。报告期,公司商用压缩机研发中心从研发设备、机构定位、运营模式、管控机制、人员配置等方面进一步优化完善,聚焦商用压缩机的研发,从而提升商用压缩机的研发能力。

  二、公司面临的风险和应对措施
1、政策风险
在报告期可以预计的政策风险主要来自国家新能源汽车的补贴政策。2020年3月末国务院常务会议确立新能源汽车补贴延长至2022年底,2020年-2022年补贴标准分别在上一年基础上退坡10%、20%、30%,放缓退坡力度;但从新的补贴政策来看,对新能源车企补贴门槛提高了,补贴缩水了。上海威乐受到的冲击较大,且上海威乐技术能力与产品竞争力有待提高,经营依旧难以摆脱困境。
上海威乐着力新品开发,加快产品和技术升级,减员增效、完成生产线搬迁等举措降低企业运营成本来化解政策风险。
2、经营风险
中美贸易关系。冰箱压缩机已在2019年9月从加征关税的清单上移除,目前处于免加征阶段,但不排除可能重启加征关税的可能。公司将加强北美以外的海外市场开发。
清洁机器人业务方面,中美已于2020年1月15日签署第一阶段经贸协议,美国同意取消2019年12月15日对中国出口美国的剩余1600亿美元商品(含锂电池)加征关税,同时对2019年9月1日已加征的商品(约1200亿美元,含清洁机器人)关税税率从15%降至7.5%。由于格兰博约清洁机器人约40%出口美国,随着中美关系的演变,关税将对格兰博产生较大影响。公司计划建立海外加工厂,实现生产转移,规避关税,进口材料选用替代供应商。
汇率波动风险。公司海外销量较高,出口业务结算货币以欧元、美元为主,国际政治、经济格局的复杂多变,引起汇率的波动,导致公司汇兑损益风险增加,公司将采取远期锁汇等方式减少影响,规避风险。
3、新冠肺炎疫情影响
今年年初,新冠疫情爆发。目前国内疫情已得到有效控制,但全球各地新冠疫情仍不断扩散。公司积极复工复产,拓展客户,抓住机遇增加订单。
当前疫情对出口的影响体现在3个方面,一是海外需求下降的直接冲击,二是国外经济停滞,部分进口原材料和元器件供应不足,三是各国贸易物流受阻。公司受影响最大的是格兰博清洁机器人,其出口业务大幅萎缩。为应对疫情的影响,格兰博一方面大力拓展国内市场,另一方面,与百度合作开发AI多人体智能测温仪,目前已在国内市场进行推广,此外,格兰博将继续以市场需求为导向,根据实际情况,在国内外广泛寻求多方位合作伙伴。

  三、核心竞争力分析
作为冰压企业龙头企业,公司在产销规模、研发技术、客户、品牌等方面有核心优势和竞争力,报告期内公司核心竞争力继续保持并不断提升。
产销规模优势。报告期内,公司面对疫情,危中抓机,积极复工复产,压缩机产销量分别达到2517万台、2545万台,继续保持全球冰箱压缩机行业第一,市场份额继续领先,并拉开与行业第二的差距。
研发能力提升。报告期,随着长虹华意(中国)商用技术中心的有效运转,公司商用压缩机的研发能力得到明显提升。同时,公司多年来在技术开发方面的持续投入,公司整体研发能力处于全球行业领先水平。
客户资源与品牌优势。公司全球市场份额超20%,与全球多家知名冰箱企业建立并保持了长期、稳定的合作关系。公司拥有的“HUAYI”(华意)、“JIAXIPERA”(加西贝拉)品牌是国家驰名商标。“HUAYI”(华意)是国内商用压缩机领头品牌;“JIAXIPERA”(加西贝拉)是国内外家用、变频压缩机领先品牌;“CUBIGEL”(酷冰)是海外商用机领域一流品牌。公司的三个压缩机品牌,分别布局,形成了在家用、商用,定频、变频,多工质、规格齐全的产品系列,满足客户不同需求,美誉度不断提升,品牌价值不断提高。 收起▲